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Cognitive Biases Infographics

by Vira Gryaznova, September 20, 2021

Cognitive Biases Infographics

The infographics was created with Adobe Spark.

TEXT VERSION

Why we fall for fake news? Because of COGNITIVE BIASES!


CONFIRMATION BIAS:
The tendency of people to favor information that confirms their existing beliefs or hypotheses.

 

HALO EFFECT:
The tendency to allow one specific trait or our overall impression of a person, company or product to positively influence our judgment of their other related traits.

 

FRAMING EFFECT:
The cognitive bias wherein an individual’s choice from a set of options is influenced more by how the information is worded than by the information itself.

 

ANCHORING EFFECT:
A tendency to rely too heavily on the very first piece of information they learn, which can have a serious impact on the decision they end up making.

 

FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR:
An assumption that a person’s actions depend on what “kind” of person that person is rather than on the social and environmental forces that influence the person.

 

AVAILABILITY HEURISTIC:
Things that come to mind more easily are believed to be far more common and more accurate reflections of the real world.

 

BANDWAGON EFFECT:
The tendency people have to adopt a certain behavior, style, or attitude simply because everyone else is doing it.

 

NEGATIVITY BIAS:
This bias leads you to pay much more attention to the bad things that happen, making them seem much more important than they really are.

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