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Dick and Carey ID Model Podcast

by Vira Gryaznova, Jul 23, 2021

Dick and Carey ID ModelVira Gryaznova
00:00 / 02:59


Hi, I am Vira, and today I want to tell you about Dick and Carey model.

Another name for Instructional Design is Learning Engineering. Like any engineering, it needs the usage of practices with proven effectiveness. They allow the creation of learning materials to be more predictable and more reliable.

The most evident engineering artifacts used in the instructional design field are instructional design models. One of them is the Dick and Carey model. It was firstly developed in 1969 and became one of the most popular models of the instructional design process.

This model consists of nine or ten steps. I will explain this weirdness of count at the end.


All begin with needs analysis, or identifying instructional goals – this is step one. What is the problem? Is it instructional? Who are the learners? What is the learning context? An instructional goal should be the answer to these questions.


Step two is an instructional analysis. Here is a lot of reflection. What do we want to achieve? Should the learners gain some new skills, or learn new concepts, or change their behavior? To what chunks can we divide this complex goal? How should they be organized?


Step three is all about learners. What do they already know, and what are they already able to do? What are their preferences? With what learning environment will we deal?


All the previous steps make the ground for step four – defining the performance objectives. Remember, in the second step, we divided the complex goal into chunks? Now it’s time to determine the specific outcome of each of them.


Step five can surprise you. It is about learners’ assessment – and yes, before the creation of learning materials themselves. This unusual sequence of steps is explained by the performance-based nature of the Dick and Carey model.


Step six, at last, is developing an instructional strategy. All the previously collected and designed materials allow this step to be more simple and more effective. It should result in an instructional design document.


In the seventh step, appropriate instructional materials are produced.


Step eight is a formative evaluation of the created materials. Moreover, such an evaluation can be conducted after any of the previous steps also. It’s like a beta test or a field trial. This step result should be a good amount of data.


I just reached the point to keep my promise and explain the weird count! The formative evaluation data is the basis of the next step, instructions revision. Some guides include the revision step in the whole sequence, while others don’t. But this step is a key to improve the entire process outcome.


Finally, the last step is the summative evaluation, which should be done by someone who did not participate in creating the learning materials. For example, it could be a subject matter expert. The purpose of this step is to get external feedback. Another valuable component of this step is to estimate the impact on learners and overall training effectiveness, for example, by the company management.


It was Vira with the Dick and Carey model. Thanks for listening!

The podcast was created with Audacity (ver.2.4.2).

Credit for music

Beyond by Patrick Patrikios, No Copyright Audio Library

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